Cambodia’s General Department of Taxation implements its own dollar to riel exchange rate

Harrison White

The General Department Of Taxation (GDT) has begun implementing its own US dollar to Khmer riel exchange rate requiring all registered businesses to use the new above market rate for taxation purposes.

A directive was issued that from June 1, 2022, the new GDT exchange will take over the previous official rate based on the National Bank of Cambodia which be found on the department’s website and official telegram channel.

According to a KPMG statement before the instruction, taxpayers were able to apply the average exchange issued by the National Bank of Cambodia for their monthly and annual tax declaration.

Under this new guidance, taxpayers are to apply the GDT’s official exchange rate issued on the last day of the month or the year in computing their monthly or annual tax declaration. To read more about the new requirements click here.

Concerns over account keeping

Speaking to Cambodia Investment Review Mr. Chum Socheat, Co-Chairman of EuroCham Cambodia Tax Committee and Tax Manager at R&T Sok & Heng Law Office explained the different units of the RGC shall use a uniform exchange rate for KHR as it shows the consolidated effort of the government.

Chum Socheat, speaking at the EuroCham Tax Forum.

“However, I understand that the exchange rate used by the GDT is closer to the general exchange rate on the market. Personally, I do not think it is a positive move as it may somehow complicate accounting records as the NBC exchange rate is normally used to translate a company’s financial statements from USD to KHR,” he said.

“As a result, balance sheets and income statements in the annual income tax returns provided to the GDT may be slightly different from the internal annual financial statements of any given company,” he added.

GDT rate above market rate

The average daily exchange rate for the NBC is KHR 4070, the GDT at KHR 4099, and a local bank advertising KHR 4089.

The GDT has set itself the target of collecting $2.819 billion in tax income for 2022 after earning $2.781 billion last year, 24% above its 2021 target.

The government has already collected $1.726 billion in tax income in the January-May period this year, a 27.95% increase as compared to the same period last year, according to an official statement.

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